The following are explained about how to prevent your website from being hacked.
Step #1:Software updated regularly without fail!
You might be like duh… but let me tell you something ….ensuring that all your software is kept up to date is vital in maintaining site security. This applies to not just your server operating systems but any software that you may be using on your website such as a CMS or a forum, anything! The first thing that a hacker does is to find out a website security hole in your software and then the rest is history as you know.If you are availing a managed hosting solution then there is no need to worry so much about security updates for the OS as the hosting service provider should take care of this provided they are reputed.
In the case of third-party software being used on your websites such as a CMS or a forum. You need to make sure that you are quick in fixing any security patches. Most of the vendors have a mailing list or RSS feed for dealing with any website security issues. WordPress and others like them are known to notify their users of system updates that are available when they make a login.
Many developers use tools like Composer, npm, or RubyGems to manage their software dependencies, and security vulnerabilities appearing in a package you depend but aren’t paying any attention to on is one of the easiest ways to get caught out. Try to keep your dependencies up to date using tools like Gymnasium to receive automatic notifications. Whenever a vulnerability make aware of in one of your components.
Step #2: Install security plugins wherever possible
Increase your website’s security with plugins that help prevent hacking attempts. Let’s take the case of WordPress as an example, you might want to look into plugins that are free like iThemes Security and Bulletproof Security or other tools that are available for websites built based on other CMS). These plugins can address the weaknesses that are present in each platform. Thereby preventing additional types of hacking attempts that could threaten your website.
As an alternative one could take a look at SiteLock. SiteLock does fairly well when it comes to simply closing site security loopholes. This is done by providing daily monitoring for malware detection and vulnerability identification and active virus scanning to name a few. If you have a business that relies on its website then SiteLock is definitely an investment worth considering.
Step #3: The Use of HTTPS wherever possible
You may already know the importance of always having the green https in your browser bar every time you end up providing sensitive information to a website. Many customers are known to be aware of those five little letters and its effects on security. It’s a go sign or a green light signal that tells us it’s safe to provide financial information on that particular web page.
If you run an online store, or if you happen to be in a business where any part of your website requires visitors to hand over their sensitive information. Like a credit card number or banking details, you have to shell out some money for an SSL certificate. It’s not going to cost you too much but that extra level of encryption it offers to your valuable customers is going to go a long way in making your website more secure and trustworthy.
Step #4: Use queries that are parameterised
Unfortunately one of the most common website hacking methods that many sites fall victim to are SQL injections.
These attacks can come into play if you have a web URL parameter that permits outside users to add information. If you leave the parameters1 present in that field too open, someone could insert a piece of code into them that allows them to hack into your database, which can contain sensitive customer information, for example, their contact details, credit card numbers or any other kind of information of value. Obviously, that’s information and it’s your responsibility to make sure that it remains protected.
There are many steps that you can take to protect your website from such SQL injection hacks and one of the easiest but important ways is to employ the parameterized queries. Parameterized queries can guarantee you a level of security as it contains specific enough parameters that cannot be guessed easily.
Step #5: Employ CSP
Step #6: Ensure password security
This task to protect your site from XSS attacks is very much similar to the parameterized queries that you have use of SQL injections. You need to be sure that any code you use on your site for fields or functions that allow input are as exclusive as possible in what’s permitted, where there is no chance of slipping in.Using a tool called CSP is simply a case of adding the right kind of HTTP header to your web page that necessarily gives a string of directives which informs your web browser which domains are alright and if any exceptions exist to be ruled out.